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Coding Project with Roomba & Lego Maze

“Real Obstacles don’t take you in circles. They can be overcome. Invented ones are like maze.” To improve a child’s cognitive thought process, there is nothing better than a maze. Mazes mimic the real-time scenarios which a child can seemly solve on a fun basis. Legos or blocks are something that children more likely relate to and enjoy which in turn leads to grasping more skills than theoretically teaching them. This coding is the combination of maze solving using coding along with legos playing. We are going to see in this project, how an obstacle avoiding robot is coded. Roomba is a cleaning robot. In this project, we will explore the obstacle avoidance part of it. In upcoming projects, we will also focus on the cleaning part. Introduction: Lego Maze is basically creating a 2D scenario or rather workspace of a maze using legos. Creating a code to get through the maze is an immensely creative and inventive method to develop a number of skills. The live implementation of this activity in its advanced form is a Roomba. It is a series of autonomous robotic vacuum cleaners. Roomba features a set of sensors that enable it to navigate the floor area of a home and clean it So, basically it cleans the space, whenever it detects an obstacle - it changes its path and continues its job. The fundamental rule that we will use is conditional statements. Conditional statements are features of a programming language, which perform different computations or actions depending on whether a programmer, the specified boolean condition evaluates to true or false: If/Else Statement The if/else statement executes a block of code if a specified condition is true If the condition is false, another block of code can be executed Use if to specify a block of code to be executed, if a specified condition is true. Use else to specify a block of code to be executed if the same condition is false. Requirements: Lego Plastic caps of bottles Glue and Scissor Instruction Tag Sheet (Attached here) Download the Below Sheets & Print: Steps: Decide a room of your house which you want to create using lego Create all the furniture of the particular room using lego and position them as per the real-time places Now, using the instruction sheet, code for the Roomba to clean that particular room Stick the instruction tags (Refer the sample project sheet attached) Learning Opportunity: Solving mazes boosts a child’s patience and persistence and teaches them about the rewards of work. Herein, a child needs to code in a manner which has its outcomes very efficiently. Solving mazes are wonderful for improving coordination. Concentrating on a maze also helps with memory too along with developing problem-solving skills. Using the activity sheet, create your own algorithms and maze structures. Time Required: 20 minutes Cost: NIL #science #technology #codingbasics #blockprogramming #robotics #STEAMProjects Demo: In this video, we drew a maze pattern using lego and printed icons which represent the floor plan. Obstacle Avoidance Robot, Roomba follows the path and turn or move around if there is an object found. In addition to this, we have used conditional statements to define its path. Initially, it starts from the same position and comes back to the same position for recharging its battery. One can create its own floor plan and rest Roomba does the job for you.

Quiz Marathon with Scratch

“Don’t study until you get it RIGHT. Study until you can’t get it WRONG” Understanding how the world around us works is what growing up is all about, and teaching kids about the world is a primary goal. Why not explore a path in which kids find COOL, FUN, and INTERESTING. This activity will teach kids to develop their own quizzes either educational or knowledge-based in an easy to learn and private way. It will raise their confidence and aid individualized learning. Requirements: Scratch (http://scratch.mit.edu/ ): If you are new to scratch, click Join Scratch else click Sign in Steps: After logging in, you see your screen as below which has different parameters like: Code, Costumes, Sounds as basic instructions to kickstart The left panel as instructions for scripts The middle panel as code here The right panel as a canvas area Code comes with different scripts like Motion, Looks, Sound, Events, Control, Sensing, Operation, Variables and My blocks which can be used in creating any game One can choose different sprites and different backdrops based on your interest Below are codes which one can use to create your own quiz game which can be done simply by drag and drop process Add score counter from variables to see your score. Finally, time to play the game and score high. Just hit the green flag to run the game and the red button to stop the game. Note: For more reference, follow our Quiz Marathon scratch project here:- https://scratch.mit.edu/projects/406119783/ Learning Opportunity: Quizzes are great for assessments and plenaries Quizzes help in self-tracking your knowledge and ability It encourages children to have a self-awareness of their progress and self-assessment Motivating kids to learn by creating these quizzes is immeasurably easier by this drag and drop and visually pleasing developments which are made available to us Development builds art, math, and coding skills, and offers students an outlet to show what they know and what they aspire for in future Creative thinking is the ability to look at a problem in many different ways This might involve seeing a different way to do something, generating new ideas, or using materials in unique ways of which creating Quizzes is a great example Time Required: 30 minutes Cost: NIL #technology #scratchcoding #STEAMProjects Demo:

Everyday Newton Mechanics in a neighborhood.

“What we know is a drop, what we don’t know is an ocean.” Forces are everywhere. Our daily actions have a lot of physics hidden. A number of scientists have described laws for movement, force, position change, etc. One such set of laws is the Laws of motion. To describe a force we use the direction and strength. This project will enable us to understand the logic and give a gist of the laws. Introduction: Velocity: Speed is how fast something is moving. Speed = Distance ÷ Time. Velocity is expressed as meters per second or m/s Inclines: Inclined planes are diagonal surfaces that objects can sit on, slide up, slide down, roll up, or roll down. Inclines are useful since they can reduce the amount of force required to move an object vertically Friction: Friction is the resistance of motion when one object rubs against another. Anytime two objects rub against each other, they cause friction. Friction works against the motion and acts in the opposite direction Momentum: Momentum is a measurement of mass in motion. Any object that is moving has momentum. In physics, the momentum of an object is equal to the mass times the velocity Laws of Motion: The first law says that any object in motion will continue to move in the same direction and speed unless forces act on it The second law states that the greater the mass of an object, the more force it will take to accelerate the object. There is even an equation that says Force = mass x acceleration or F=ma The third law states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction Requirements: Popsicle Stick Cardboard Paper Straws Chart papers of black, red, orange, green colors Sketch Pens White crayon pencils Compass Double-sided tape Glue and Scissor Steps: Bridge Take a cardboard and cut a shape with a width of 5 cm - 6 cm and length as 15 cm Fold at equal intervals to make an incline and decline plane You can also glue popsicle sticks as bridge boundaries or fold a bit on both the sides Paste black chart paper that looks like a road and with white crayon pencil mark lines Traffic lights Take a cardboard and cut a shape with a width of 2 cm and length as 5 cm Cut 3 small circles from red, orange and green chart paper as traffic signals and then paste those 3 circles on cardboard. You can also color them Finally, using double-sided tape, attach a traffic light body with a popsicle stick Houses or Buildings Take a cardboard and make structures as you wish like houses, hospitals, banks, schools Color them or paste chart papers around it Trees If you have artificial trees at home, you can use it, else cut out shapes for leaves and branches using green colored chart paper and brown colored chart paper respectively Roads Paste black chart paper on cardboard Place your houses, buildings, trees on it Add bridge and mark lines as connecting roads using white crayon pencil Make a zebra crossing in front of the traffic lights Learning Opportunity: A scientist named Isaac Newton came up with three Laws of Motion to describe how things move scientifically. He also described how gravity works, which is an important force that affects everything. Time Required: 1 hr Cost: < $5 #science #newtonmechanics #middleschool #STEAMProjects Demo : Laws of Motion Explained - In our video, let's consider Newton's First Law of Motion demo and we can observe that initially, the car is at rest unless force is acted upon to put the car in motion. Now, let's consider Newton's Second Law of Motion demo and we can observe that the greater the mass of the truck more force it requires to accelerate the truck whereas Net Force F = M x A i.e Mass x Acceleration. In addition to this, let's consider Newton's Third Law of Motion demo and we can observe that when the car hits truck, the truck moves from its rest position. Velocity Explained - Velocity is the speed at which your car is moving. If we know the distance and time at which our car moved, we can calculate the velocity. For example, Distance traveled 400metres and Time taken 20seconds then Velocity is 400 ÷ 20 = 20m/s. Inclined Plane Explained - In our video, we built a bridge that acts as an inclined and declined plane for cars or trucks to move from one place to another. Friction Explained - In our video, every time when the car or truck hits the tree it creates resistance or friction and acts in the opposite direction to stop the car. Momentum Explained - In our video, suppose truck is moving with a mass of 1000kg and velocity at 40m/s so it would be difficult to stop at the traffic signal due to its large momentum which is mass x velocity.

Phases of Moon

“The moon is a reminder that no matter what phase we are in, we are still whole.” Learning about space is in itself a fascinating and interesting concept. The moon that we visually find so beautiful and attractive, to know more about it will be indulging. This project will teach us different phases of the moon that we can see every day but never knew the concept behind it and what it is called. Introduction: The portion of the moon that we can see from Earth on any given night is called the moon’s phase. As the moon orbits around the Earth, sunlight is reflected off the moon’s surface and that light reaches us on Earth. The phase of the moon depends on where the moon is in its orbit. Around once per month, every 29.53 days to be exact, the phases of the moon make a complete cycle. As the moon circles the Earth, we can only see a portion of the lit upside. When the Moon appears to be getting bigger, it’s ‘waxing’. When it looks like it’s getting smaller, it’s ‘waning’ There are 8 phases that the moon goes through: New Moon: As the Moon moves around the Earth, the face pointing towards us gradually becomes hidden from the Sun until we can hardly see it at all. It is also called the Dark Moon. A solar eclipse can only happen at the new moon Waxing Crescent Moon: It is when the Moon looks like a crescent and the crescent increases in size from one day to the next First Quarter Moon: It is when half of the lit portion of the Moon is visible after the waxing crescent phase. It is also called the Half Moon Waxing Gibbous Moon: It occurs when more than half of the lit portion of the Moon can be seen and the shape increases in size from one day to the next. The waxing gibbous phase occurs between the first quarter and full moon phases Full Moon: It occurs once the face of the Moon is fully turned towards the Sun. The full moon phase occurs when the Moon is on the opposite side of the Earth from the Sun, called opposition. A lunar eclipse can only happen at full moon Waning Gibbous Moon: It occurs when more than half of the lit portion of the Moon can be seen and the shape decreases in size from one day to the next. The waning gibbous phase occurs between the full moon and third quarter phases Last Quarter Moon: It occurs when half of the lit portion of the Moon is visible after the waning gibbous phase. It is also called the Half Moon Waning Crescent Moon: It occurs when the Moon looks like the crescent and the crescent decreases in size from one day to the next Requirements: Black and white color chart paper Cardboard Thread Straw Glue Scissor Steps: Cut out 5 equal-sized circles from the black color chart paper Now, on white color chart paper, draw same size 4 circular phases of the moon such as Full moon, Crescent moon, Half moon and Gibbous moon Paste the white color phases of the moon on the black circles which will leave one black circle unused Make a big circle on the cardboard which will act as the ceiling to hang our moons Make a hole in the middle of the circular cardboard On the edge of the circular cardboard, make five holes equidistantly and using a thread hang the 5 moons In the hole made in the center, insert a straw in order to rotate the structure Learning Opportunity: This simple project is to demonstrate the phases of the moon. Next time you see up in the sky, try to locate the moon and note its phase. Make your own personal date diary. Time Required: 20 minutes Cost: < $2 #astronomy #earth #science #elementary #steamProjects

7 Wonders of the world

The world is a great stage on which God displays his many wonders.” An inclination and liking towards art, architecture, history and travel are what consummates the seven wonders of the world. There are many unexpected, beautiful and charming things in the world, but due to some specificity and awesomeness, these seven monumental structures have been identified from the classical time period. The activity is to make a poster the way it pleases you using a map or chart paper, wherein the place and little description of the wonders should be displayed creatively and briefly. Image Source - Google Introduction: The following list was made by Bernard Weber from Switzerland based on a public poll in 2007: Coliseum/Colosseum (Place: Italy) It was built in the capital of the Roman Empire, it could hold 50000 spectators The Coliseum in Rome is a stunning ruin, the remains of a gigantic stadium. It was a triumph of engineering The Coliseum hosted brutal competitions for the entertainment of the Roman citizens, gladiators wearing armor used to fight against one another to death, trained gladiators used to fight with wild animals such as lions, tigers, elephants or bears The floor of the arena was actually covered with sand Great Wall (Place: China) It was a defensive wall built by a few Chinese states in around 500 B.C. It took hundreds of thousands of workers, soldiers, and prisoners more than 2000 years to build and rebuild the wall It stretches for about 4000 miles from the Pacific Ocean at Shanhai Pass to Jiayu Pass in central China, the Great Wall is an average of 33 feet high and 15 feet wide Some sections were constructed of large limestone and granite blocks. Others were made from bricks and some were built from wood and dirt Chichen Itza (Place: Mexico) Chichen Itza was a military, cultural, and religious center for the Mayan, Toltec and Itza people The city of Chichen Itza is a haunting ruin and archaeological site It’s features are wide abandoned avenues, a stunning stepped pyramid, several temples, an ancient ball court, and stone masks of the long nosed Mayan rain god Chaac carved into structures around site Taj Mahal (Place: India) In 1631, Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan lost his wife Mumtaz unexpectedly The city of Agra in northern India was the capital of the wealthy Mughal Empire, which ranged across most of the modern day India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh during that time To honor Mumtaz Mahal, The MUghal Emperor ordered that an enormous tomb be built, a tomb so elaborate and so richly that it was more like a palace It is a mark of Love, dignity and respect to his wife Machu Picchu (Place: Peru) It was built around A.D. 1450 when the Inca Empire was expanding its power When the Spanish conquistadors arrived in 1532, all the cities were destroyed but Machu Picchu high up in the Andes Mountains remained untouched - the temples, tombs, and agricultural terraces were left intact It was rediscovered in 1911, and has since become an archaeological site and a tourist destination Petra (Place: Jordan) It is an archaeological site in Jordan's southwestern desert It is accessed via a narrow canyon called Al Siq, it contains tombs and temples carved into pink sandstone cliffs, earning its nickname, the "Rose City" Perhaps its most famous structure is 45m-high Al Khazneh, a temple with an ornate, Greek-style facade, and known as The Treasury Christ the Redeemer (Place: Brazil) It is a 124-foot-high statue which was built between 1926 and 1931 It was constructed on rainforest-covered Corcovado Mountain, overlooking Rio de Janeiro To get to the statue, visitors take a 20minute long cog-wheel train ride through the Tijuca forest to the top of 2,329 feet high peak From there, they can walk up 220 steps or take a combination of panoramic elevators and escalators to the statue’s base Requirements: Chart Paper Glue Scissors Color Pens Steps: Download the sheet below Cut out the images of the 7 wonders Use above mentioned text to create a fact list Design your own poster. Download the sheet: Learning Opportunities: It is fascinating to learn about these wonders, and how those were created with fewer means during those times. You can go to the google map and also try to search. Time Required: 1 hour Cost: NIL #arts #history #elelementary #STEAMProjects

Renewable energy: Windmill

“A transition to clean energy is about making an investment in the future.” An activity to learn the importance of energy, their advancements and future scope is what we are going to learn here along with having a little fun in making a miniature model of a windmill. A wind turbine creates reliable, cost-effective, pollution-free energy. It is affordable, clean and sustainable. One wind turbine can be sufficient to generate energy for a household. Because wind is a source of energy that is non-polluting and renewable, the turbines create power without using fossil fuels. Introduction: A windmill is a machine that harnesses the power of the wind. A windmill has a number of blades that spin around when the wind blows on them. The blades are mounted on a tall tower or building. They are connected to a vertical shaft or rod When the blades spin, they turn the shaft. The turning shaft powers a device that does work. Today modern windmills, called wind turbines, produce electricity for many communities. A group of wind turbines working together is called a wind farm Requirements: Toilet Paper Roll Chart paper Cardboard Toothpicks Scissor Glue Steps: Take the toilet paper roll and cut it in half and wrap it with chart paper On the cardboard, make 4 equal size rectangular blades and stick it on the edge of the toothpicks Take a plastic wheel or you can use cardboard as well, form a wheel structure, and insert the toothpicks with blades on the wheel Stick this wheel in the top center of the toilet paper roll Cut rectangular shape cardboard which will act as the windmill base and using a chart paper, make a small cone which will act as the windmill top Learning Opportunity: A windmill is a type of engine. It uses the wind to make energy. To do this it uses vanes called sails or blades. The energy made by windmills can be used in many ways. Modern wind power machines are used to create electricity. These are called wind turbines. Time Required: 20 minutes Cost: NIL #science #elementary #renewableenergy #STEAMProjects

Time for Pizza: ratio, proportions & probability

“Mathematics is not about numbers, equations, computations, or algorithms: it is about Understanding!” Ratio, Proportion and Probabilities are the mathematical principles that have their application in real-life situations or rather daily life chores. This activity will give them an overview of these mathematical principles. Introduction: Comparison, relations and likelihood is something that this task will help them to grasp. It will also teach them the inter-relations between these concepts. This is something that children are introduced to later in their academics, but why not give them a gist of it now. Ratios: Ratios are used to compare values They tell us how much of one thing there is compared to another They are represented as: ratio form “a:b” or factor form “a/b” The order of the items in a ratio is very important; whichever word came first in the ratio - when expressed in words, its number must come first in the ratio Proportions: Proportions are related to ratios in that they tell you when two ratios are equal to each other The ratios are proportional if they divide into the same number When things are proportional, they are also similar to each other, meaning that the only difference is the size There are two kinds of proportionality: Directly Proportional and Inversely Proportional Probability: Probability of a given event is defined as the expected frequency of occurrence of the event among events of a like sort The probability theory provides a means of getting an idea of the likelihood of occurrence of different events resulting from a random experiment The probability is zero for an impossible event and one for an event which is certain to occur Requirements: Different Color Balls Bags Steps: Cut a circle of radius 8 cm and make 8 equal portions of that circle Separate 1 portion from the whole circle, it is the ratio of 1:8 or ⅛ Separate 4 portions from the whole circle, it is the ratio of 4:8 or 4/8 Cut a circle of radius 4 cm and make 8 equal portions of that circle Since, the two circles of different sizes are divided into equal number of portions, that means the two circles are proportional to each other On similar terms, when we have a whole pizza, divided into 8 equal slices, probability of eating one slice of pizza is 1:8 whereas eating three slices of the same pizza is 3*⅛ = 3/8 Learning Opportunity: In this project, you learned how to use pizza slices and calculate ratio, proportions & probability. In real life, you will find its application everywhere. Ratios are heavily used in recipes and cooking, grocery shopping. Probability is used to predict and forecast. Time Required: 10 minutes Cost: NIL #maths #elementary #STEAMProjects

States of matter

"There are three states of matter but what state one is in that matters.” States or rather phases is something that we experience daily. The appearance of a single matter changes dependent on outside conditions intentionally applied or naturally occurred. It is important to grasp this right at the start of our development which makes our latter knowledge more meaningful and understandable. This activity will teach or kiddos states of matter. Introduction: The matter is almost everything that we come across daily such as the air we inhale, drinks, clothes, etc. Particles are tiny pieces of matter and all matters are made up of particles. The way these particles move around or rather don't move around is how we classify matter into different groups. Elements and compounds can move from one state to another when specific physical conditions change such as temperature, pressure, etc. Solid State: Solids are objects that keep their own shape They do not flow in a given temperature Solids can be different colors and textures, and they can be turned into different shapes Solids are made up of molecules that group together and don’t move around. Liquid State: Liquids do not have their own shape but can take the shape of the container they are in and they can flow at a given temperature They can be different colors and thickness Liquids are made up of molecules which are further apart than in solids and can move around easily Gaseous State: Gases are air-like substances that can move around freely or flow to fit a container They don’t have their own shape You cannot feel them even if you put your hand somewhere but we are surrounded by different gases in the air we breathe Their molecules are spaced apart and jiggle around Requirements: Download the activity sheet from here and complete the project. Steps: Following is a list of 10 Items Playing Block Blown Balloon Water Ice Cube Mobile Rain Oil Wind from fan or vent Steam Milk Your task is to differentiate these items in 3 boxes in the sheet, wherein each box will represent a state of matter - solid, liquid and gaseous respectively Learning Opportunity: Through this project, you learned about states of matter. Now try to observe around you all these states of matters and various things. Continue with your list on a day to day basis. Time Required: 10 minutes Cost: NIL #tech #science #nature #preschool #elementary #STEAMProjects

Secret Message Using Icons

“Every decoding is another encoding.” Visual memory goes hand in hand with the phonetic skills that a kid develops. This activity is to decide an encoding representation, form a message and decode it. This project will illuminate, describe the skills, combinations of skills and level of skills that a kid can keep increasing periodically. Introduction: Encoding and Decoding is the science that is used to try to keep information secret and safe. The principle of encoding a message is to ensure that only the intended receiver understands the message. The children will not only decide the icon values but also, can have a partner and translate the message. Requirements: Animal and Bird Icons White sheets of paper Download the sheet for the icons: Steps: Each icon of an animal or bird will represent an alphabet On a sheet of paper, you will stick the icon and write the alphabet representation beside it - this will be the language for passing your secret messages Now, on another sheet of paper, you will write a secret message - a word using just animal and bird picture icons Give this secret message to your friend and ask him to decode this secret message Learning Opportunity: Developing decoding and encoding skills is essential for a solid understanding of reading Decoding is the process of reading words in a text form Encoding is the process of using letter knowledge to write The manipulation that we learn while doing this project is a step in reading and writing It makes the children understand how the letters work together to make words Time Required: 10 minutes Cost: NIL #tech #maths #nature #preschool #elementary #STEAMProjects

Build A Satellite

“To have good data, we need good satellites.” This itself tells us the importance of satellites. Space world is an interesting phenomenon to learn, grasp, understand and maybe worked on in the future. There are weather satellites, communications satellites, reconnaissance satellites, astronomy satellites and many other kinds that help us gather information related, increase our knowledge and make us more vigilant with the space world. Introduction: A satellite is an object that orbits another object. In space, satellites may be made by man, or they may be natural. The moon is a natural satellite that orbits the Earth. All the planets in our solar system have natural satellites except planets like Mercury and Venus. Man-made satellites are machines made by people. These machines are launched into space and orbit Earth or another body in space. Man-made satellites are sent into space to gather information. Most are launched into space by rockets. Man-made satellites have several main uses like investigation related to science, observation of planets including weather forecasting, navigations including the Global Positioning System (GPS), communications, etc. Follow the below image to learn about the parts of a satellite. Commonly these are the components used. Antennas & Transponders: are used to receive and transmit signals from and to Earth. Thrusters: are used to position the satellites into the orbit. Body: Contains operational heart of a satellite. that command & control every aspect. Power Source/Solar Panels: most satellites use solar power as the main energy source to power itself. It converts sunlight into energy. Requirements: Small Square shaped cardboard box and cardboard rectangles Aluminum Foil Popsicle Stick and Toothpicks Transparent Plastic Cup Scissor and Glue Steps: Take a small cardboard square-shaped box Cut out one side of this box Leaving the opposite side of the box that we cut, make small holes in the center of both the sides Slide a popsicle stick through the holes made on the two sides Wrap the box with aluminum foil Take a transparent plastic cup, cut it in half, and insert a colored chart paper in it, such that it surrounds the interior of the cup Insert the cup in the side of the box that you had cut initially. Make sure the closed side of the cup faces outside. It will act as the antenna of your satellite Cut cardboard rectangles which will act as flaps for the antenna Wrap the flaps with the aluminum foil as well, making the act as the solar panels and stick them on the popsicle sticks Take toothpicks and insert them at the top corner of the satellite Bonus related activity - https://www.scprolab.com/activities-1/UNDERSTANDING-ROCKET-LAUNCH Learning Opportunity: The first man-made also called as an artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, was launched in 1957 Modern satellites are much more complicated Most of the man-made satellites are in a low Earth orbit (LEO) or a geostationary orbit Most satellites are designed to be as strong and light as possible Basic modeling of a Satellite: A platform called a bus contains all systems, including the batteries, computer and thrusters Attached to the bus are antennas, solar arrays and payload instruments such as cameras, telescopes and communications equipment Satellites have to power themselves. This is usually done by using large solar arrays (wings) covered with light-sensitive solar cells Man-made satellites have several main uses like investigation related to science, observation of planets including weather forecasting, navigations including the Global Positioning System (GPS), communications, etc. Time Required: 20 minutes Cost: < $2 #tech #science #nature #preschool #elementary #STEAMProjects

Dye Tie Coloring

“We dream in colors.” Coloring is a stress buster for adults so just imagine the relief and fun the kids would experience. The cherry on the top would be that this activity is not just a regular coloring task, it will be a creative and fascinating one. This activity is to make a portrait with the look of a dye tie by using a simple coffee filter at home. Introduction: Dye Tie Coloring is something that we are seeing everywhere around us - clothing, decoration, etc. So why not try making it by ourselves, using colors of our choice, making abstract art, or rather a defined picture one with this amazing technique. Requirements: Sketch Pens of different colors Coffee filter Rubber bands Spray Bottle Steps: Decide what type of art do you want to make on the coffee filter Sort out the sketch pens and recognize the colors that you want to use Sketch patterns on the cloth randomly Spray water on the paper and put it to dry Once dry, create flowers by folding it as petals and in the bottom add a rubber band to tie it together. Place the flower in a decorated vase. Similarily create a butterfly, by folding the paper in the middle and attach a paper clip on top of it to make the body. Use a wire to make its antenna. Feel free to choose any color. Learning Opportunity: It is usually recognized as occurring somewhere in the 1960s It is known as the technique of resist-dyeing The term “resist” has to do with the method of manipulating a workable surface and the way it absorbs color Tie-dyeing is an inexpensive way to turn any article of clothing or fabric into a vibrant work of wearable art The process typically consists of folding, twisting, tying, and otherwise manipulating fabric to control the application of dye into its fibers The possibilities are immense including that you can transform an old stained shirt into a recycled gem, make a creative uniform for any team Enjoy and admire this ancient art Time Required: 10 minutes Cost: < $1 #arts #crafts #nature #preschool #elementary #STEAMProjects

Lock & Key Combination

“Every lock has a key… Just try to identify or rather find it.” Lock and key matching can be trivial as well as ambiguous for kids. By deciding combinations, we overcome the challenge through our own process of trial and error, by developing not only the practical life skill of how to use various locks and keys but also finding the independence and resilience to work through a struggle diligently. Background: Playful behavior has positive effects on the brain and on a child’s ability to learn. It functions as an important, if not crucial, a mode for learning. Playing a lock and key improves memory. It helps in promoting creative problem-solving. It's a simple way to understand complex mathematical principles like permutation and combinations. FYI a total of the number of combinations one can build is 2880. Requirements: Paper Rolls Chart paper Black Permanent Marker Glue Steps: Take 4 different color chart papers and cut strips of equal size On the strips write numbers 0 to 5 separating them with a line, make sure they are equidistant on all the strips Now, take the paper roll and roll these chart paper strips on them, but not sticking them completely. They should be stuck just by the edges, they should be able to freely roll move Decide your key, make combinations and enhance your skills Bonus Steps: Given this example, one can create a total of combinations as: 6! x 4 = (1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 x 6) x 4 = 2880. Test this out manually by only making 3 series and picking up number 1,2,3. So this will add up to 3! x 3 = (1 x 2 x 3) x 3 = 18. Learning Opportunity: Cognitive development and motor skills are important for your child’s physical development and overall well being They assist in refining our balance, strength, muscle endurance and coordination Developing these skills, also boost kid’s confidence and self-esteem along with increasing their ability to assess risk It relieves their stress and frustration It, therefore, seems plausible that this activity itself influences the cognitive development of the kids Time Required: 10 minutes Cost: < $2 #arts #maths #nature #preschool #elementary #STEAMProjects

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